Home Nonmilitary action The United States is not alone in supporting Taiwan

The United States is not alone in supporting Taiwan

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Recently there has been a lot of talk in political circles about Taiwan and the United States’ commitment to Taiwan’s security-and for good reason.

Chinese are increase the pressure over Taiwan to a degree not seen in at least 25 – and perhaps 60 – years.

The good news is that the United States is not alone. He has friends and allies who also support Taiwan. Here are the five most critical:

1) Japan

Japan is Taiwan’s second best friend in the world after the United States. This is true in peacetime. Watch how fast Japan hosted Request by Taiwan to join the successor agreement to the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the 11-Country Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Building these kinds of economic actions into Taiwan’s future is important in creating incentives for the international community to keep Beijing at bay.

But Japan is also important for deterrence in a more direct way. In the event of a Chinese invasion of Taiwan, the US Navy and the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force will work hand in hand in its defense. This is saying something, because Japan has one of the most successful navies in the world, and one that operates regularly with its American counterpart.

The challenge for Japan is with short military scenarios of outright invasion. There are many other avenues that China could take to coerce Taiwan. Taiwan is not just an island. Beijing could move to seize one of its small islands – Kinmen, for example, from which you can literally see the mainland of China – or the territory of Taiwan in the South China Sea.

Alternatively, China could take advantage of a humanitarian or political crisis and take military action gradually and surreptitiously.

The Heritage Foundation (for which The Daily Signal is the medium) did some war games on these more subtle scenarios. Reconciling the obvious threat they pose with Japan’s pacifist constitution binds the Japanese bureaucracy in knots. In a real situation, this could delay or even prohibit the engagement of Japanese ships in combat.

2) Australia

Australia has a smaller army and is further from Taiwan than the Americans sometimes imagine. What congratulates him most is the demonstrated interoperability of his military with American forces in the Indo-Pacific and its remarkably consistent record of alliance with the United States. in international crises, from World War I to the war in Afghanistan.

To boost US confidence in Australia, Canberra recently embarked on a new security partnership with the US and UK called AUKUS which will provide Australia with new nuclear-powered submarines that will give its navy an autonomy it has never had before.

There are a lot of details to work out, but if it meets expectations AUKUS will integrate Australia even further into its alliance with the United States and position it to play an important role in any defense of Taiwan.

The only risk with Australia is that the United States takes it for granted. It is, after all, a democracy. If ever called upon to help defend Taiwan, he will have to respond to his own electorate.

That said, Australia is far from where it was just a few years ago in its concerns about China. And it’s a life away from the debates of 15 or 20 years ago, especially on what he would do in the event of a conflict in the Taiwan Strait.

3) United Kingdom

This one might surprise. The UK has not been a great power in the Indo-Pacific for decades. Like Australia, what makes the UK so critical is its intensive ability to interoperate with US forces. The United States has no closer ally in the world.

The UK also has real naval power. Its recent deployment to the Pacific of a Carrier Strike Group and joint operations of related carriers with the United States and Japan underline this strength.

It has also just had a second online operator and plans to deploy two small ships towards the Indo-Pacific in a way that should pave the way for a larger and more sustainable presence.

Close strategic alignment with the United States leaves very little doubt that if there were hits in the Taiwan Strait, the United Kingdom would be with the United States.

Any doubt about the UK concerns its engagement in Taiwan in peacetime. Unlike the United States, which generally retreats on international trade (to the detriment not only of its own economy, but also of its ability to defend Taiwan), the United Kingdom is seeking to establish itself economically in the region.

It asked to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership. It’s better this way. However, there remains a lack of clarity in the UK’s approach to the region. The “Integrated review” it issued covers on China earlier this year. Taiwan is not mentioned once.

4) France

The truth is that there are only two armies in Europe that are relevant as fighting forces in the Western Pacific. One is UK The other is France.

Indeed, apart from the quality of its relations with the United States, France is a a much larger presence in the region. It has a vast sovereign territory in the Pacific, two standing armed forces commands, military planes, ships and a few thousand soldiers. And since 2014, it has regularly deployed larger vessels to the Pacific, on average twice a year to the South China Sea.

France supports Taiwan. He recently agreed to maintain or modernize French-made military equipment, fighter, and frigates it was sold to Taiwan in the early nineties. This is something that no other country except the United States has the courage to do.

However, Paris still maintains an ambivalence about how to deal with China. Does he see China more as a partner or a rival?

The operational disadvantage with France is the mirror image of the strength of the United Kingdom. It is not as fully interoperable with US forces. The USA are working on it with the French, very gradually. But it cannot be assumed that because we have a common command structure within NATO and carry out joint missions in Africa, the two armies can easily do the same in the Pacific.

5) The European Union

Bring a ship to the area from the Netherlands Where Germany– and both have done so this year – is a constructive demonstration of concern for stability. And since Taiwan is in the most potentially volatile place in the region, so much the better for Taiwan.

The EU itself, however, does not have a navy. Its value in the Taiwan Strait is primarily economic and, to some extent, diplomatic.

The EU is very much engaged with Taiwan on a whole series of economic and regulatory issues. There is even the prospect—pushed hard by the European Parliament– that it could conclude a bilateral investment agreement with Taiwan.

The European Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs, External action service, is also deeply involved at the diplomatic level.

These non-military sources of support are important because they signal China that it would pay a heavy price for an armed attack on Taiwan, and not just from countries that are positioned to retaliate with force.

In contrast, the EU is made up of 27 nations. It is not easy for her to develop a consensus, on Taiwan or any other subject involving Chinese politics, especially since a few members who are friendly to China have a history of obstructing consensus.

Also, as strong as Parliament offers support, it has limited power to impose its will on the rest of the EU bureaucracy.

There are other countries that could be mentioned here. Singapore is by far Taiwan’s best peacetime partner in Southeast Asia. Otherwise, he holds his cards close to his chest.

India has tentatively reached out to Taiwan in recent years, but its main concern is China’s presence in its own offshore neighborhood, but especially along its northern border. He will avoid anything he considers provocative.

Overall, the importance of international concern for Taiwan’s security is that it helps deter China from taking military action against Taiwan.

As like-minded nations, we must work together to make Beijing wake up every day, its leaders say, “Today is not the day.”

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