Home Nonmilitary action Opinion of the Peacebuilding Commission to the Security Council on the Great Lakes (26 October 2022) – Democratic Republic of the Congo

Opinion of the Peacebuilding Commission to the Security Council on the Great Lakes (26 October 2022) – Democratic Republic of the Congo

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The Peacebuilding Commission recognizes the potential of the Great Lakes region to bring about lasting peace, security and development and welcomes the achievements of the countries of the region and the guarantor institutions regarding the Framework Agreement for Peace , security and cooperation for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the region (“the Framework”) as detailed in the latest report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Framework.

The Commission notes with concern, however, recent developments in the Great Lakes region that threaten stability, lasting peace and development, including the persistence of violent incidents perpetrated by non-State armed groups, the increase in hate speech and discrimination, increased food insecurity and continued displacement with devastating humanitarian consequences. Furthermore, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the adverse effects of climate change have hampered socio-economic progress, leading to additional strains on social cohesion and peacebuilding efforts, thereby exacerbating instability. and negatively affecting the development of the region.

Based on its continued commitment to peacebuilding in the Great Lakes region, the Commission wishes to share the following points:

  1. The Commission welcomes the continuation of dialogue efforts and the strengthening of political and diplomatic relations between the leaders of the region and the Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for the Great Lakes, stresses the need to continue and intensify these efforts , and reiterates its commitment to mobilize support for the implementation of the United Nations Strategy for Peacebuilding, Conflict Prevention and Resolution in the Great Lakes Region.

  2. The Commission commends regional political and diplomatic efforts, including through the EAC-led Nairobi Process and the ongoing mediation by the Angolan President, to promote dialogue and build confidence in the resolution of the crisis. The Commission calls for better coordination between these political processes in the region. In this regard, the Commission stresses the importance of supporting dialogue efforts at national and regional levels and emphasizes continued engagement with relevant stakeholders, including civil society and traditional leaders, who can contribute significantly to advancing social cohesion and peacebuilding at local, national and regional levels. levels.

  3. The Commission welcomes the operationalization of the Contact and Coordination Group (CCG) and its engagement strategy and stresses the importance of amplifying collective efforts to strengthen regional and cross-border collaborations in order to tackle the causes root causes and factors of conflict, to reduce the threat of violence and eradicate the negative effects of armed forces in the region in an integrated and coordinated manner, including through demobilization, disarmament, repatriation and reintegration programs and other non-military measures.

  4. The Commission welcomes the efforts of the UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region to increase international support for the implementation of the recommendations of the 2021 Khartoum workshop on natural resources and stresses the need to promote sustainable and transparent natural resource management in the Great Lakes region as part of the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and the African Union’s Agenda 2063.

  5. The Commission welcomes the ongoing economic and trade initiatives between the countries of the region and further encourages the countries to create a political and social environment conducive to the promotion of sustainable economic development, which will bring the whole region the prosperity necessary for the consolidation of peace. .

  6. The Commission emphasizes that inclusiveness is key to advancing local, national and regional peacebuilding goals to ensure long-term sustainable peace and encourages the continuation of ongoing efforts to strengthen the role of women in political and peace processes and structures at local, national and regional levels. levels. The Commission further encourages the adoption and implementation of National Action Plans on Women, Peace and Security, in line with Security Council Resolution 1325, and stands ready to support these efforts.

  7. The Commission also stresses the importance of youth inclusion and notes the need to intensify national and regional efforts to include youth in political processes and socio-economic development. It further urges the adoption and implementation of national action plans on youth, peace and security across the region, in line with Security Council resolution 2250 (2015) as well as the African Union Ten-Year Implementation Plan for the Continental Framework on Youth, Peace and Security (2020-2029) and expresses its willingness to support these efforts.

  8. The Commission stresses the importance of partnerships with regional and sub-regional organizations, in particular the African Union, the International Conference on the Great Lakes and the East African Community, as well as with international financial institutions and regional as well as with the private sector. In this regard, the Commission expresses its continued support to the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes in his multi-stakeholder engagements, including with international and regional financial institutions, emphasizing strategic alignment and coherence with the Strategy for Nations for peacebuilding, conflict prevention and resolution in the Great Lakes region and stresses the need for the Special Envoy to undertake a comprehensive mapping exercise on stabilization efforts in eastern DRC and in the wider region, to ensure such strategic alignment.

  9. The Commission notes the active portfolio of the Peacebuilding Fund of over $37 million in the Great Lakes region in support of national, cross-border and regional peacebuilding initiatives, and stresses the importance of ‘a strategic and coherent approach by the United Nations, the Government of the DRC, international financial institutions and other multilateral and bilateral partners to the mobilization and use of resources to ensure that the conditions are in place for a responsible withdrawal and of MONUSCO and to perpetuate the achievements of the consolidation of peace. The Commission stresses the critical importance of continuing credible investments in PBF to support the reintegration of ex-combatants through community-based approaches; build trust at the cross-community level; and empower young people and women to participate in economic, social and political life at local and national levels. In this regard, the Commission reiterates its call to ensure innovative, adequate, predictable, flexible and sustainable financing for peacebuilding, and encourages greater donor commitment to support peacebuilding initiatives focused on impact, including by agencies, funds and programs in the countries of the Great Lakes Region.

The Commission, while adhering to its mandate, will continue to support the implementation of the UN Regional Strategy Action Plan, including by advocating for international support for the UN Office’s critical peacebuilding initiatives. special envoy in collaboration with the countries of the region and in coordination with the United Nations system.