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DVIDS – News – 200th conducts training on displaced civilians


JOINT BASE MCGUIRE-DIX-LAKEHURST, NEW JERSEY- The 200th Military Police Command hosted a two-day workshop called the Civilian Displaced Operations Training Event (DCOTE) at the end of August. The workshop was a logical and necessary follow-up to the highly successful Detainee Operations Training (DOTE) event that took place in the summer of 2021.
This workshop, like DOTE before it, focused on the increased role military police personnel should play in future conflicts, but this time helping to manage the anticipated large numbers of civilians who would be displaced by the conflict. in large-scale combat.
Joining in the planning and execution of this training event were leaders from the 353rd Civil Affairs Command. The workshop brought together many seasoned minds on the topic of dislocated civilians. Also present were staff from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Thus, for two days, the soldiers and their commanders were able to learn from different points of view on the displaced civilians.
Maj. Gen. John F. Hussey, hosting his last major event as commanding general of the 200th Military Police Command, welcomed everyone to the event and used a concept he had learned from a “Naval General to explain why this formation was necessary. “3 Block War. On block 1, you are in the middle of a war. On block 2, you have your peacekeeping operations. On Block 3 you have humanitarian care,” he said.
Maj. Gen. Rodney Faulk, commanding general of the 99th Readiness Division and one of the distinguished guests at the workshop, followed Hussey’s welcome charge to attendees, saying logistics were critical to the smooth running of a basecamp. “Know what you need. Know what you will need,” he said.
The next briefing after the welcomes was given by a military police captain and a senior civil affairs professional, setting out doctrinal guidelines for dislocated civilian operations. Capt. Carlos Valencia, training developer at the U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center of Excellence, in his memoir, laid out the 9 different types of displaced civilians, while elaborating on doctrinal guidance from the perspective of the military police. The best-known categories are evacuees, refugees, migrants and war victims. Lesser-known categories are displaced persons, internally displaced persons, returnees, stateless persons and resettled persons.
After Captain Valencia’s briefing, Major General Hussey praised the importance of doctrine, but added another important factor necessary for success. “Doctrinal knowledge is good, but you need strategic foresight in running these camps,” Hussey said.
Next, Mr. Al de Veyra, Deputy Supervisor of the US Army Civil Affairs Doctrine Division, spoke about doctrine from a civil affairs perspective. He stressed the importance of considering all the facets necessary to carry out a dislocated civilian operation. “You have to be like a wedding planner when you do that,” he said to laughter from the audience. Asked about the wedding planner’s remark after his memoir, de Veyra pointed out to think about everything that goes on in operations.
A training event like this would not be complete without mentioning legal considerations. Lt. Col. Robert DiStefano, chief of international law at the 353rd Civil Affairs Command, provided definitions of the most well-known terms associated with displaced civilians. He then explained the legal protections available to displaced persons under the Geneva Convention and international law in general. This briefing undoubtedly shed light on the importance of doing things the right way legally.
The next speaker of the day was retired Lt. Gen. Ricky L. Waddell, whose last military assignment in the Army Reserve was commanding the 76th Operational Response Command in Salt Lake City, Utah. He discussed the strategic impact of displaced civilians and talked about planning for the massive numbers of people displaced during the conflict. He said more than six million people had been displaced during the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine. Many of these people, he said, fled to neighboring NATO countries in the region. He also spoke of soldiers doing the right thing while serving. “Not knowing what to do, people do what they know.”
Representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Paul Baker and Maggie Dudgeon, then took to the podium to speak to the soldiers present about their role, acting as neutral observers who insist and promote knowledge and respect for international humanitarian law. Hussey likened the ICRC to a “staff-assisted visit,” where they go to an area of ​​military operations, observe operations, and advise unit leaders. The segment also included a brief from a representative of the State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM), Lt. Col. Tyler Waterhouse.
The withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan in the summer of 2021 and the subsequent evacuation and resettlement of Afghan citizens to the United States as part of Operation Allies Welcome was the subject of the closing event of the day one as a panel discussed the mission from inception to execution. The panelists described how they became involved in the different phases of the mission, either in Europe or in the American places where the Afghan refugees were temporarily housed before being sent to various permanent places in the United States. Maj. James Balutowski, chief of operations for the 200th Military Police Command Headquarters, was on his way to another mission in Wisconsin when he received a call to go to Fort McCoy. “Shift. General Hussey knew that I had been stationed at Fort McCoy before and asked if I could help provide him with information, as a request for the 200th Force would be coming soon. At Maj. Gen. Hussey’s request, I ended up staying at Fort McCoy as a command liaison and assisting in the protection cell with security planning for our guests,” he said. -he declares.
On the second and final day of the conference, another panel, which included panelists from the day before, conducted a case study on Operation Allies Welcome. Col. Caroline Pogge, 353rd Civil Affairs Command Chief of Staff and DCOTE partner planner, led this case study. At the end of the event, she explained why her command had been heavily involved in the planning of the practice event. “It is important to share our experience and help units identify their partners at start-up. »
The final speaker for the event was National Defense University Professor Dr. Sean McFate, renowned author and expert on international security. Professor McFate spoke to attendees about future warfare and how countries continue to wage war in less conventional ways. “Conventional warfare, we like to think of state versus state, military versus military, that type of warfare has almost fallen to zero.” He cited numerous examples using the current Russian-Ukrainian conflict and the Israeli Hezbollah conflict to explain why the war is getting more underhanded, alluding to the title of his presentation (The Underhanded War).
The DCOTE ended with Maj. Gen. Hussey thanking all the speakers and soldiers who planned the event. He again emphasized why this training was planned and why it will always be vital in the future. “As I walk into the former Generals Retirement Home, you take what you’ve learned from here, for it will be your turn to oversee a camp one day.”

Date taken: 13.09.2022
Date posted: 13.09.2022 21:10
Story ID: 429260
Hometown: ORANGE COUNTY, California, USA

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